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Child Marriage In India

Introduction

Child marriage is a major social concern and a violation of children’s rights – whether it happens to a girl or a boy – as it denies the basic rights to health, nutrition, education, freedom from violence, abuse and exploitation and deprives the child of his/her childhood. In India,  nearly half (43%) of women aged 20 to 24 are married before the age of 18. There has been a decline in the incidence of child marriage nationally and in nearly all states (from 54% in 1992-3 to 43% in 2007-08), but the pace of change remains slow.(Source of data Child marriage fact sheet unicef Child marriage affects both boys and girls but impacts girls with higher incidence and more intensity. It has important consequences on the development and full growth of the girl as it is associated with increased risks of maternal and child mortality, low levels of education, and exposure to violence, isolation and confinement. Unicef Fact sheet on child marriage 2011 shows In Orissa child marriage average is 34.7% (Percentage of women age 20-24 married before age by State (DLHS 3, 2007-2008)) .In proposed project district the same data reflects incidence of child marriage in Boudh is 34.9%, Sambalpur 26.6% ,Bargarh 32.7% and Bolangir 16.4%.

 

The proposed project aim to empower adolescent and youth with the age group of 12-21 on health issues, empower them on Sexual and reproductive health care and prevent them to become a victim of the social system and create access to govt. ongoing schemes and facilities.

Target Group:

 Our major target group is 12-21 years adolescent and Youth. (Both school going and dropouts)

Name of the Lead –YCDA

Name of the partners YCDA, AJKA , ADARSA,PAP and SIDI

Geographical location –Western Orissa comprising 4 districts namely Sambalpur,Bolangir ,Boudh and Bargarh .

Name of the partner

District

Total village

YCDA

Boudh

20

ADARSA

Sambalpur

20

SIDI

Sambalpur

20

AJKA

Bargarh

20

PAP

Bolangir

20

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Goal

Reducing Child Marriages by 50% & Strengthening SRHR among Adolescents & Youth by 2015’

Objectives

  • —Improve adolescent's and youth’s knowledge on SRH and access to their services
  • —Enhance access to formal education and ensure retention amongst adolescent's girls
  • —To educate & mobilize communities towards change  in behavioural, traditional and religious practices
  • Influence govt. policies, institutional mechanisms and services on CM & SRHR

 

Intervention Strategies

  • Strengthening the position of girls (empowerment) and impart important knowledge for use in their daily lives eg sexuality and their rights.
  • —Improving access to formal educationfor girls.
  • —Involvement of local communities to change harmful social, traditional and religious norms
  • —Advocacy and policy influenceWorking with Grievance redressal system, advocacy and working closely with policies and programmes for convergence)

 

 

Activities

  • Situation analysis and Baseline (secondary data, Data Collection, analysis and documentation)
  • Staff selection and induction
  • Programme launching
  • Formation of adolescent groups and networking and regular discuss on SRHR
  • Organize capacity building training for 600 Change agents on Prevent Child marriage /SRHR issues. (6*20*5)
  • Facilitate Sexual and Reproductive Health Education at village level (SRH) 5500 Adolescent boys and girls
  • Identify dropout girls and mainstream in formal school with support of SMC and SHG
  • Change agents in school discuss the importance of education to fight dropout as a tool against child marriage
  • Change Agents organize awareness activities around the dangers of child marriage
  • Develop different IEC/BCC material   and audio visual documents on SRHR and dissemination
  • Advocacy with Education, health and sanitation dept
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