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Child Marriage In India

Introduction

Child marriage is a major social concern and a violation of children’s rights – whether it happens to a girl or a boy – as it denies the basic rights to health, nutrition, education, freedom from violence, abuse and exploitation and deprives the child of his/her childhood. In India,  nearly half (43%) of women aged 20 to 24 are married before the age of 18. There has been a decline in the incidence of child marriage nationally and in nearly all states (from 54% in 1992-3 to 43% in 2007-08), but the pace of change remains slow.(Source of data Child marriage fact sheet unicef Child marriage affects both boys and girls but impacts girls with higher incidence and more intensity. It has important consequences on the development and full growth of the girl as it is associated with increased risks of maternal and child mortality, low levels of education, and exposure to violence, isolation and confinement. Unicef Fact sheet on child marriage 2011 shows In Orissa child marriage average is 34.7% (Percentage of women age 20-24 married before age by State (DLHS 3, 2007-2008)) .In proposed project district the same data reflects incidence of child marriage in Boudh is 34.9%, Sambalpur 26.6% ,Bargarh 32.7% and Bolangir 16.4%.

 

The proposed project aim to empower adolescent and youth with the age group of 12-21 on health issues, empower them on Sexual and reproductive health care and prevent them to become a victim of the social system and create access to govt. ongoing schemes and facilities.

Target Group:

 Our major target group is 12-21 years adolescent and Youth. (Both school going and dropouts)

Name of the Lead –YCDA

Name of the partners YCDA, AJKA , ADARSA,PAP and SIDI

Geographical location –Western Orissa comprising 4 districts namely Sambalpur,Bolangir ,Boudh and Bargarh .

Name of the partner

District

Total village

YCDA

Boudh

20

ADARSA

Sambalpur

20

SIDI

Sambalpur

20

AJKA

Bargarh

20

PAP

Bolangir

20

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Goal

Reducing Child Marriages by 50% & Strengthening SRHR among Adolescents & Youth by 2015’

Objectives

  • —Improve adolescent's and youth’s knowledge on SRH and access to their services
  • —Enhance access to formal education and ensure retention amongst adolescent's girls
  • —To educate & mobilize communities towards change  in behavioural, traditional and religious practices
  • Influence govt. policies, institutional mechanisms and services on CM & SRHR

 

Intervention Strategies

  • Strengthening the position of girls (empowerment) and impart important knowledge for use in their daily lives eg sexuality and their rights.
  • —Improving access to formal educationfor girls.
  • —Involvement of local communities to change harmful social, traditional and religious norms
  • —Advocacy and policy influenceWorking with Grievance redressal system, advocacy and working closely with policies and programmes for convergence)

 

 

Activities

  • Situation analysis and Baseline (secondary data, Data Collection, analysis and documentation)
  • Staff selection and induction
  • Programme launching
  • Formation of adolescent groups and networking and regular discuss on SRHR
  • Organize capacity building training for 600 Change agents on Prevent Child marriage /SRHR issues. (6*20*5)
  • Facilitate Sexual and Reproductive Health Education at village level (SRH) 5500 Adolescent boys and girls
  • Identify dropout girls and mainstream in formal school with support of SMC and SHG
  • Change agents in school discuss the importance of education to fight dropout as a tool against child marriage
  • Change Agents organize awareness activities around the dangers of child marriage
  • Develop different IEC/BCC material   and audio visual documents on SRHR and dissemination
  • Advocacy with Education, health and sanitation dept

Recent News

Friday, 22 February 2019

A Event on “Why Family Matters:


Why Family Matters” Programme has been organized by YCDA in collaboration with Unicef, Odisha at Hotel Bhamars on 31st January 2019.The objective of the programme was to sensitize to the community stakeholders on why family matters for every child and what are the various options available in the ICPS and JJ system. Around 120 participants from District administration & govt.officials including District sub collector Mr. Bhairab sing Patel, DCPU,CWC,JJB & CCIs and understand the concept that for every child family matters and to prepare them for the sponsorship in family based care.

State Level Consultation on Standards of Care in CCIs:


A State level consultation on standards of care in CCIs was conducted on 29th January 2019 at the Hotel Suryansh . around 65 participants i.e CWCs, DCPUs & CCI personnel have been participated & oriented from Odisha..Mr Harihar Naik ,Mem OSCPCR participated in the programme as a chief guest to prioritize the thoughts of up calling the standards of care in CCIs of Odisha. As technical support the national eminent Ms. Priti Pattkar and Ms. Madhumita Dash Consultant W&CD facilitated the programme.

State Level Workshop on De-institutionalization & Transition:


A State Level Workshop on De-institutionalization & Transition has been organized in collaboration with W&CD and Unicef on 28th January 2019 at Hotel Kalinga Ashok. Around 80 CWC chairpersons & DCPUs staffs has been participated in the programme & got aware on the De-institutionalization and transition. The national eminent Ms. Nina Nayak , former chair person KSCPCR and Ms Anu Garg, Principal secretary W&CD , Dr. Monika Oldedzka Nielsen, Unicef Chief field office & Mr Rajendra Meher, Convenor YCDA-Resource Centre were facilitated the programme.

District Level Launching of Agriculture Production Cluster:


District level Launching of Agriculture Production Cluster Project, of Kantamal, has been organized at, New Collectorate Conference Hall Boudh on 8th Feb.2019 with the Chairmanship of Collector, Boudh.

Health Camps:


25 Health Camps has been organized at Boudh , Sonepur & Balangir in collaboration with Health Department in the month of October-2018 to January-2019 . With the support of L & T Financial services & SEWA Bharat, 6173 beneficiaries from 85 villages received free health check up & medicine services. The objective of the camps is to building awareness and health facilities amongst the poor peoples.

Convergence Meeting with Stakeholders on Migrants issues:


Convergence week meeting was organized at Block Conference Hall, Khariar by YCDA where Block level line department such as Block executive officers, BPM, AAO of agriculture department, PEOs and Sarpanchs participated and migrants issues have been discussed with action plan

Training Programme for Migrant SHG Members:


Training Programme was organized for Migrant SHG members on trade specific i.e Commercial Organic Vegetable Cultivation & Marketing, Commercial Mushroom Cultivation, Country Bird Rearing & Homemade Agarbati Rolling & Marketing for 30 SHG members in each trade in the month of Dec.2018 with the support of NABARD & SBIRSETI, Balangir

Inauguration of Seasonal Hostel:


2 Nos. of Seasonal Hostels was inaugurated on 1st & 2nd December 2018 by YCDA initiative where 68 school going children of migrants households have been enrolled.

Internal Examination for Adult Learners :


Conducted Internal Examination for 19862 numbers of target adult learners through 300 ALP centres and 18,236 learners have qualified in the examination for the fourth batch of ALP.

Teachers Training on CSE:


On 3rd& 4th November, the 2nd Phase Teachers training has been organized. 25 nos. of participants i.e School teachers,CRCCs & Peer Educators from 4 Respective Gram Panchayat of 8 Upper Primary School has been participated in the training programme. The main objective of the training programme was to build capacity of teachers to conduct CSE Classes on chapter 9 to 16.

Class room observations:


In 8 schools, Classroom observation of Mo Katha Mo Kahani was conducted during the month of October & November in 8 schools during the running of Sessions 7 or 8. The Classroom observation was observed by the CRCCs, School Hms & YCDA Staffs. The purpose of the exercise is to ensure quality classes and to support the teachers by giving them feedback to improve skills to conduct CSE classes effectively.

Post KAP of 1st Phase & Pre KAP of 2nd Phase curriculum with School Children:-


In the month of November, the Post KAP of 1st phase & Pre KAP of 2nd Phase has been conducted in 8 piloted schools. The part one of Mo Katha Mo Kahani curriculum has been finished successfully where 854 adolescents pre and post KAP done.

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