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Alternative forms of Care for the Children without Parental Care

INTRODUCTION

It is beyond any contest, that “family is the fundamental unit of society”. It is undeniable fact that “family” has a primary role for ensuring overall development of a child .Children without parental care or children separated from their parents usually live in difficult circumstances. Children Home  is the only alternatives to rehabilitate  children  in need  .YCDA has initiated Alternatives form of Child Care programme with the key focus on care and protection through community based rehabilitation and family focused alternative care to ensure best interest of the child . Organization plays a pioneer role in promoting non-institutional care in the State like Orissa through community centric child care like Kinship Care, Foster Care, and Child headed household as its outstanding innovative.

Major thrust of the programme is  Rehabilitation of children without parental care through community based care and to provide family like environment where  the child can grow naturally in  his / her  own place, culture, belief which are viable for all round development of the children.

The project have been initiated by YCDA with the partnership of SKN, The Netherlands since 2007  in Boudh district but with the learning and field experiences YCDA expanded its operational area to Bolangir district. In addition to this, for the proper implementation of the programme YCDA set up a Task Force Office at Bhubaneswar for influencing policy and desired changes.

Project at a glance

District   :     Boudh and Bolangir 
Block     :    3 block in Boudh District and 5 block in Bolangir district
Villages       Bolangir 33, Boudh 45

No of children       Boys 47 , Girls 55 Total -102

Category  of  Children Boudh Bolangir Total
Orphan (both father & mother lost) 26 8 34
Semi orphan (one of the parent lost) 22 34 56
Other vulnerable unwed / imprisonment etc.) 4 8 11
Total 52 50 102

Objectives

To ensure that Orphan and Vulnerable Children - OVC in the region have access to opportunities and services that promote their rights to survival, development, protection and participation in a family and community based care.

Strategies

  • Access to basic services
  • Civil society Building
  • Lobby and Advocacy

Key Activities

Right to Survival

  • Preparation of individual care plan in term of health, education and livelihood
  • Organizing health camp and provide necessary medical care .
  • Advocacy for birth registration.
  • Maintenance grant support as per individual need .
  • Family strengthening programme ; internal support to family through  income generation activities and external support for linkages with Govt. scheme and programme

Right to Development

  • Mainstreaming in formal school ,support for school fees, reading and writing materials and complementary tuition at home, emergency support, bicycle support to girls children for mainstreaming  them in formal education .
  • Training and Orientation to target children and its guardian on  life skill, Child Care and Protection, Child Rights to district care giver association .
  • Organizing State level, Regional level, District level workshop on alternative forms of child care approaches for the children without parental care to gain momentum in community on the concept

Right to Protection

  • Developing  child protection manual and IEC materials
  • Workshop/meeting  on child protection issues involving different  stakeholder-teacher, AWW, ASHA, PRIs member and other intellectual person of the village.
  • Support for legal consultation to children and their families.
  • Wall writing on child rights to sensitize  community
  • Rehabilitation to target families  in term of financial support and kinds

Right to Participation

School linkage programme ; formation of children clubs, Organize different  events with school children ,Holiday camp of children for refreshment and learning  to ensure child participation.

Case Study

Ensuring Entitlements & alternate forms of Care: An YCDA Approach

Destiny had other things to store for Jogeswari Barad, a child of unwed dalit mother Surubali Bagarty.Her mother fall in love with a guy in her maternal uncles house & became pregnant. In spite of attempts of the village communitya result could not be arrived upona Surubaliïs uncle lodged a police complain & in anticipation of imprisonment, Ranjit the estranged lover of Surubali committed suicide. 
Then the real story began. Both Jogeswari & Surubali have to face tragic times. Because of social stigma & pressure her name could not be registered at the AWW centre. The mother & the children had to face miserable & poor condition.

YCDA then advocated for the cause of the deprived duo & provided food subsidy & health support under the Alternative Forms of Care. The staffs of the project regularly interacted with the SHG members Villagers for all round development of the children & social acceptance. Because of successive attempts of the members now the child is registered with Anganwadi services & getting 10 KG of Rice from Panchayat every month.

CONTACT INFORMATION

Youth Council for Development Alternatives (YCDA)
At/Po - Baunsuni, Tikirapada Road
Dist-Boudh, Odisha-76215, India
Tel-06841 228377 / 228455 / 7750018377
Email- This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
Website : www.ycdaindia.org

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