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Smokeless Chula


About 70% of the population in India lives in rural areas. The rural energy scenario is characterized by inadequate, poor and unreliable supply of energy services and large dependence on traditional biomass fuels. Non-commercial energy sources, predominantly fuel wood, chips and dung cakes, contribute around 30% of the total primary energy consumed in the country. Biomass is primarily used for meeting the cooking and heating requirements through traditional Chula (stoves) and furnaces that have very low efficiencies, accounts for only 6% -10%. Hence rural households have to spend about 10% of total household expenditure on energy for cooking and lighting.

This results in increase in demand of firewood that accelerates the felling of wood resulting in deforestation. However, with a little effort, it is possible to increase the thermal efficiency of these Chula considerably. Smoke less Chula (Improved fuel wood stoves) would reduce:

  • Firewood consumption substantially

  • Pressure on CPR/Forest

  • Time and effort on collection of firewood

  • Smoke related health hazard as women are at high risk due to long exposure  to smoke

  • Environmental hazard and thereby make their utility economical & efficient.

To meet the challenges YCDA in collaboration with DF and other NGOs like PAP,WORD &WOSCA started working on Smokeless Chulha project at different districts of Odisha ,namely Boudh, Bolangir and Keonjhar


Overall Objective

To enhance the quality of life of children and youth of marginalised communities in Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh and Orissa through Fair Economic Development and Carbon Mitigation thereby leading to socially fulfilling, and economically sustainable lives and to create sustainable livelihood opportunities for the communities..

Duration of program:12 Months (April 2014-March 2015)

Specific Objectives:

  • To provide sustainable economic activities to young boys and girls including disabled youth who are aged between 16- 25year.
  • To reduce spending on scarce non renewable energy resources (firewood and kerosene) and use the money for other profitable initiatives, create awareness in the community on alternate energy sources and carbon mitigation.
  • To create employment opportunity and entrepreneurship development among the community.






  •  TOT to 80 Micro Entrepreneur (4 batches , each 20 participants –Two from PAP &YCDA ,Two batches from WOSCA &WORD )
  • Installation of smokeless Chula by Micro Entrepreneur.
  •  Branding and Marketing strategy and IEC material development in local language.
  • Support to implementing partner.



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