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Western Orissa comprises 10 western districts of Orissa State, namely Sundargad, Debgad, Jharsuguda, Sambalpur, Bargad, Sonepur, Boaud, Balangir, Nuapada and Kalahandi. Theregion is positioned between 19º 37’- 23º N latitude and 82º 28’- 85º 22’ E longitudes. The district covers a geographical area above 56,700 Sq. Km and supports a population of about 10,715,710 (2011 census). Ironically theregion in Orissa state has a distinction of combining enviable natural abundant ness with crippling educational, economic backwardness. Health indicators are poor, there is a shortage of safe drinking water and drought persists regularly. Inequitable social structures, distorted land distribution, indebtedness, and other inequities contribute to the widespread poverty, less access over resources by poor and marginalized people. This region is well known for its drought, hunger and poverty. Poverty has become an integral part of its root.The people of the region has become one of the most underprivileged and backward region in the world. 50% of the populations are unable to afford full meal a day.

Looking at the degree of development/ backwardness of 10 Western Orissa districts, it can be said that out of 87 blocks only 5 blocks are developed, 25 are developing, another 25 are backward and 32 blocks are very backward, whereas in coastal districts 70 blocks are developed, 50 blocks are very backward out of total 227 blocks .(Courtesy-Koshal Diary)

People & Occupation

Western Orissa comprises 24.34% of the total population of Orissa out of which 24.41% are males and 24.26% are females. Tribal population comprises 40% of western Orissa’s total population. 23.38% of Scheduled caste and 33.9% of Scheduled Tribe population ofOrissa are residing in this region. This area has 29.75% of the total economically backward people, 25.8% of the cultivators, 27.52% of the agricultural labourers, 32.18% of the house-hold industrial worker, 25.36% of the workers, 30.54% of the marginal workers and 22.87% of the non-workers of Orissa state. The rural tribal people of the area have their own peculiar belief- systems and are remarkable for their simplicity, integrity and friendliness.

Factors responsible for backwardness

Agriculture and collection of minor forest produce are the main sources of livelihood of the people 46% of the population of the project area are landless and casual labourers while rest are small and marginal farmers. The average land holding is about 2 acre. The land suffers from low productivity due to the traditional methods of cultivation and lack of resources. The land needs reclamation measures since it is covered with boulders and bushes. The low yield causes poverty and it leads to indebtedness and exploitation.

Drought at a regular interval has affected   the livelihoods of the poor and restricted the process of development of the districts. The result has been chronic hunger, breakdown of traditional coping mechanisms and distress migration. Seasonal migration has become an important livelihood strategy for many poor communities in western Orissa region. Thousands of people migrate to the other states for working as wage laborers; bonded labour at brick kilns. It has led to high indebtedness among the poor resulting in large-scale resource alienation through mortgage and sale.

The poorest of the poor migrating for more than six months to the brick kilns of Andhra Pradesh or to other parts of the country in search of livelihood. In this situation the child withdraws from the school process and accompanies their parents, which naturally hinder their education and health. At destination level there is no availability of education facilities for the children as per there need. After six month when the family comes back, the child faces extremely difficult to cope with the school curriculum.  The consequences of this situation brings end in schooling. Among the migrants, around 80% belongs to Schedule Caste communities in the region.

The health facilities available in the area are insufficient. In time of serious diseases or any other emergency the only means of transport is bi-cycle or by walk of nearby PHC which is about 20 kms away from the area.

Education is the most neglected part as evident from their low literacy status. The children who are considered as economic assets are hardly sent to schools thanks to the factors of non availability of teachers and study materials, long distance, ill timing of schools, negative attitude of both teachers and parents. The female literacy rates among the tribal & Dalit  are quite dismal & disappointing. Illiteracy is a major handicap for occupational mobility among the Dalit and other backward caste.

In Western Orissa children’s vulnerability and exposure to violation of their protection rights are  multiple in nature .The manifestation of these violation are various ranging from child labour , child trafficking and many other forms of violation and abuse .Migration and trafficking of children continues to be a serious problem in this region. Acute poverty compels community to migrate.

The people of this area though eligible for greater assistance in terms of development programme by the government still remain exploited and deprived of their basic human rights like food, cloths, medicine and education. Though the central and state governments have launched various schemes and programmes for poverty amelioration, but it has not in any way changed or affected the conditions of the people. These villages still wear an emaciated look with poverty writ large on the faces of these peoples. It is all due to their lack of awareness and information on various development schemes and programmes. Insufficient awareness and lack of organized efforts appear to be the root causes of the major problems of socio-economic backwardness of these people.

Keeping all this in consideration YCDA is working directly and with partners in the following areas.

Location map

Direct Intervention

District Block GP Village
Boudh 3 15 300
Bolangir 5 19 60
Total 8 34 360

Out reach through Partners

District Block GP Village
Bolangir,Boudh and Subarnapur
8 18 243

Recent News

Friday, 22 February 2019

A Event on “Why Family Matters:

Why Family Matters” Programme has been organized by YCDA in collaboration with Unicef, Odisha at Hotel Bhamars on 31st January 2019.The objective of the programme was to sensitize to the community stakeholders on why family matters for every child and what are the various options available in the ICPS and JJ system. Around 120 participants from District administration & govt.officials including District sub collector Mr. Bhairab sing Patel, DCPU,CWC,JJB & CCIs and understand the concept that for every child family matters and to prepare them for the sponsorship in family based care.

State Level Consultation on Standards of Care in CCIs:

A State level consultation on standards of care in CCIs was conducted on 29th January 2019 at the Hotel Suryansh . around 65 participants i.e CWCs, DCPUs & CCI personnel have been participated & oriented from Odisha..Mr Harihar Naik ,Mem OSCPCR participated in the programme as a chief guest to prioritize the thoughts of up calling the standards of care in CCIs of Odisha. As technical support the national eminent Ms. Priti Pattkar and Ms. Madhumita Dash Consultant W&CD facilitated the programme.

State Level Workshop on De-institutionalization & Transition:

A State Level Workshop on De-institutionalization & Transition has been organized in collaboration with W&CD and Unicef on 28th January 2019 at Hotel Kalinga Ashok. Around 80 CWC chairpersons & DCPUs staffs has been participated in the programme & got aware on the De-institutionalization and transition. The national eminent Ms. Nina Nayak , former chair person KSCPCR and Ms Anu Garg, Principal secretary W&CD , Dr. Monika Oldedzka Nielsen, Unicef Chief field office & Mr Rajendra Meher, Convenor YCDA-Resource Centre were facilitated the programme.

District Level Launching of Agriculture Production Cluster:

District level Launching of Agriculture Production Cluster Project, of Kantamal, has been organized at, New Collectorate Conference Hall Boudh on 8th Feb.2019 with the Chairmanship of Collector, Boudh.

Health Camps:

25 Health Camps has been organized at Boudh , Sonepur & Balangir in collaboration with Health Department in the month of October-2018 to January-2019 . With the support of L & T Financial services & SEWA Bharat, 6173 beneficiaries from 85 villages received free health check up & medicine services. The objective of the camps is to building awareness and health facilities amongst the poor peoples.

Convergence Meeting with Stakeholders on Migrants issues:

Convergence week meeting was organized at Block Conference Hall, Khariar by YCDA where Block level line department such as Block executive officers, BPM, AAO of agriculture department, PEOs and Sarpanchs participated and migrants issues have been discussed with action plan

Training Programme for Migrant SHG Members:

Training Programme was organized for Migrant SHG members on trade specific i.e Commercial Organic Vegetable Cultivation & Marketing, Commercial Mushroom Cultivation, Country Bird Rearing & Homemade Agarbati Rolling & Marketing for 30 SHG members in each trade in the month of Dec.2018 with the support of NABARD & SBIRSETI, Balangir

Inauguration of Seasonal Hostel:

2 Nos. of Seasonal Hostels was inaugurated on 1st & 2nd December 2018 by YCDA initiative where 68 school going children of migrants households have been enrolled.

Internal Examination for Adult Learners :

Conducted Internal Examination for 19862 numbers of target adult learners through 300 ALP centres and 18,236 learners have qualified in the examination for the fourth batch of ALP.

Teachers Training on CSE:

On 3rd& 4th November, the 2nd Phase Teachers training has been organized. 25 nos. of participants i.e School teachers,CRCCs & Peer Educators from 4 Respective Gram Panchayat of 8 Upper Primary School has been participated in the training programme. The main objective of the training programme was to build capacity of teachers to conduct CSE Classes on chapter 9 to 16.

Class room observations:

In 8 schools, Classroom observation of Mo Katha Mo Kahani was conducted during the month of October & November in 8 schools during the running of Sessions 7 or 8. The Classroom observation was observed by the CRCCs, School Hms & YCDA Staffs. The purpose of the exercise is to ensure quality classes and to support the teachers by giving them feedback to improve skills to conduct CSE classes effectively.

Post KAP of 1st Phase & Pre KAP of 2nd Phase curriculum with School Children:-

In the month of November, the Post KAP of 1st phase & Pre KAP of 2nd Phase has been conducted in 8 piloted schools. The part one of Mo Katha Mo Kahani curriculum has been finished successfully where 854 adolescents pre and post KAP done.


Mr. Rajendra Meher (CEO)

Youth Council for Development Alternatives (YCDA)
At/Po - Baunsuni, Tikirapada Road
Dist-Boudh, Odisha-76215, India
Tel- 9437194954/ 7750018377
Email- This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
Website : www.ycdaindia.org

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